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THROAT DISEASES

Dyspnea, Tracheotomy, Tracheostomy

Dyspnoea can be defined as difficulty breathing. In individuals who have difficulty in breathing, diseases such as foreign body, trauma, burn, tumor, laryngitis, angioedema, anaphylaxis are seen as acute. It is necessary to facilitate the patient's breathing and to provide ventilation.

Tracheotomy is the process of ensuring that sufficient air is taken by opening a hole in the anterior wall of the trekea (between the 2nd and 3rd cartilage rings) when the patient does not get enough air. Ventilation is provided by this procedure in life-threatening cases occurring in the upper respiratory tract. This process can be performed in emergency or elective conditions. Trekotomy is frequently performed under elective conditions due to prolonged intubation.

Ranula treatment

Ranula is a blue-looking mucocele located in the anterior part of the floor of the mouth. In Ranula disease, physical examination reveals a fluid collection or cyst under the tongue. It is a condition encountered when the salivary gland canals are torn or blocked. There are two types of ranula. The formation of the cyst at the base of the mouth under the tongue is called simple ranula, and the cases where the cyst grows from the bottom of the mouth to the neck are called plunging ranula. Ranula is rarely encountered in plunging species. This disease can also be summarized as salivary gland disorder.

The treatment method varies according to the size of the cyst here. Needle aspiration is carried out in the form of incision and drainage, marsupialization or surgical removal of the ranula. In needle aspiration, accumulated fluid is taken from the patient's ranula area. In incision and drainage, a small incision is made to the area and cystic tissue is removed. Marsupialization is the process of leaving the area open by stitching the edges after a small incision in the area. In case of recurrence of the ranula in the surgical operation, the ranula and salivary gland are removed.

Tongue binding treatment

It is a condition that connects the tongue with the base of the mouth and the tissue called frenulum is shorter than normal. This disease is a congenital disorder. It affects many conditions such as breastfeeding, speech and dental health. It is determined during the routine examination to be performed immediately after birth. The tongue movements are released by cutting the tongue ligament. Speech and swallowing functions improve.

Tongue incision repair

It is usually cut by staying between the tongue and teeth due to a fall in childhood. The incision is sutured under anesthesia.

Snoring and apnea treatment

While breathing during sleep, when the soft tissues are loose in the areas where the airway is narrow, the mucous surfaces located mutually rub against each other and make a noise. This is known as snoring.
The condition of respiratory arrest during sleep exceeding 10 seconds is also called sleep apnea. In our hospital, primarily upper respiratory tract examination and physical examination are performed for diseases such as snoring and sleep apnea.

Tests such as MRI and computed tomography are used in the diagnosis and diagnosis of anatomical disorders that cause sleep apnea. Examinations such as sleep analysis and sleep endoscopy may also be required. Treatment is planned after the diagnosis of the disease. Drug therapy, treatment with CPAP device with positive air pressure, surgical operations are carried out successfully in our hospital by physicians who are experts in their field.

Tonsil and adenoid diseases

Infection and inflammation of the pharynx, tonsil and adenoid areas are generally among the diseases frequently encountered in childhood. The pharynx is defined as a region located behind the oral cavity and behind the soft palate. Infectious diseases seen in this region are considered as throat infections. Inflammation of the pharynx is an inflammatory disease that is usually seen in the pharyngeal region.

Tonsillitis is usually a bacterial disease caused by group A streptococci. There are symptoms such as ear pain, dry throat, fever, difficulty swallowing and/or pain when swallowing, headache, swelling in the lymph nodes. Treatment of this disease is usually treated with the prescription of antibiotic-containing drugs. In some cases, surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) can be performed.

The adenoid meat is called the adenoid meat, which is located on the roof of the adenoid region behind the nose. In some cases, if the adenoid meat causes enlarged nasal congestion, it causes problems such as snoring or breathing stopping for more than 10 seconds during sleep (sleep apnea). Adenoidectomy is performed with a surgical operation called adenoidectomy. Today, even for children under the age of 3, this process is carried out successfully and safely.

Vocal cord disorders (polyps and nodules)

Polyp is seen in vocal cords as a disease that occurs as unilateral vocal cord swellings. Polyps seen in these vocal cords are a piece of meat with a handle or broad base. Nodules are pieces of meat that are seen in a smaller and more stable place than polyps.

The treatment process is carried out with drug treatments and surgical operation. A very simple surgical operation is performed to remove the parts of this vocal cord. The procedure, which lasts about an hour, is performed under general anesthesia and the patient is discharged on the same day.

Voice and speech disorders

Abnormalities in the pitch or resonance of the voice are called sound disorders. Any voice change and abnormality that occurs outside the normal is a voice disorder. Even minor problems on the vocal cords can lead to voice disorders. In the voice of adolescent men, thickening occurs over time. In some adolescent males, this thickening does not occur and the voice becomes thinner.

This is called mutational falsetto. Conversional aphonia is a condition in which the vocal cords do not vibrate, although it is not a neurological problem. Spasmodic dysphonia is a sound disorder caused by a neurological problem. Treatment of voice disorders that can be seen in different types is successfully carried out in our hospital.

Speech disorders are discussed in three main groups as articulation disorder, stuttering and motor speech disorders. Speech disorders due to cleft lip and palate, speech disorders due to hearing loss, motor speech disorders, and problem speech disorders such as stuttering are types of speech disorders.


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